Factors such as pre-colonial leadership, cultural values and Bunt play an integral role in defining leadership in Africa (Aerogramme et al, 2013, Niagara, 2012, Mushier, 2011). Aerogramme et al (2013) noted that the pre-colonial Gobo society practiced a decentralized system of leadership, which led to the objectives of teamwork, recognition and reward as part of motivation, ensuring equity, fairness and above all the progress of all, the motto being “Unity in strength. ” Research can be done in incorporating these practices into African leadership.
Cultural values is another factor that plays an important role in leadership style especially when motivating employees. According to Wallaby et al (201 1), there is a tendency to look at Africa as one homogeneous group. In reality there are different cultural values and practices that are divided along linguistic and ethnic values and managing and leading this unique workforce requires further research (Wallaby et al, 2011). Lastly, the leadership philosophy Bunt can also play an important role in defining leadership n Africa (Niagara, 2012, Mushier, 2011).
Research in African Leadership must focus on dismantling the western organizational management practice that finds provenance in “l think, therefore I exist” and create an African Bunt management practice “l am because we are; I can only be a person through others (Niagara, 2012). ” In conclusion, Africa should first look within for appropriate leadership direction in improving its organizational behavior therefore more research needed in creating an applicable leadership model that is based factors such as culture,
Bunt and traditional leadership attributes that can be incorporated into this model and move Africa towards a more productive and motivated workforce. References Aerogramme, 0. , Chicanery, A. ,Latter, K. (2013). Indigenous Management Thoughts, Concepts and Practices: The case of Gobos of Nigeria. Australian Journal of Business and Management Research, 3(1), 8-15. Quad, J. (2010). Culture and Leadership in Africa: A conceptual model and research agenda Africa. Journal of Economics and Management Studies, 1(1), 9-24. Mushier, M.